Origins and History of Bohemian Crystal
If something is Prague Bohemian crystal is the pride and tradition of the Czech Republic.
It is called Bohemian crystal glass made in the regions of Bohemia and Silesia, in the area who are now the Czech Republic and Poland.
In the Czech Republic, the technique of glass is lost in time, found beads of the Bronze Age. The medieval glassmakers created the "glass forest" in Bohemia, characterized by abundant use of wood and quartz sand, whose impurities give it a green hue.
The Bohemian glass was first manufactured at the end of the thirteenth century: back in 1200 in Prague monasteries began to produce items of daily use of blown glass with a cane. Crystal was used as a material easily molded by the wealth of potassium and quartz in the region of Bohemia. According to various documents preserved in the year 1279 began using this crystal in the decoration of religious buildings such as the mosaics of St. Vitus Cathedral which illustrates the Last Judgement.
During the Renaissance, was used to decorate castles and was the favorite of the Habsburgs. By then, the masters of crystal diamond tips used to shape their creations to give them color and used different chemical elements. However, until the late sixteenth century Bohemian glass did not have much impact. Thanks to Rudolf II of Habsburg became known throughout Europe, especially vases, vessels and decorative objects.
Is highlighted by the court and recorded for the period of the Baroque (period ranging from 1685 to 1750). In the early seventeenth century, Caspar Lehmann gem cutter, protected from the Hapsburg Emperor Rudolf II and settled in Prague, adopted the technique of glazing and recording, mixing copper and bronze glass. This technique is known today as "Tiefschnitt" ("deep cut") and, thanks to her and her Masters, Caspar Lehmann was a key figure and portrayed one of the leaders of the great development of printmaking in early 1600, the court of the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire ..
Bohemia enjoyed the full European hegemony in this genre of articles. Its heyday and fame lasts until after the Baroque era. With the arrival of Art Nouveau and Art Deco is renewed love for the glass and his fame reaches the whole world.